Windows eleven guarantees to refine window management, run Android apps, and to unify the seem and experience of the running system’s built-in apps after years of irritating hodgepodge. But none of that things if your pc cannot run the software, and Microsoft has solely promised reliable Windows eleven guide for computer systems launched inside the ultimate three or 4 years. Anyone else will be in a position to run the working machine if they meet the overall performance requirements, however they may want to bounce via the hoop of downloading an ISO file and putting in the working machine manually alternatively than grabbing it via Windows Update.
This is a smash from preceding variations of Windows, which up till now have had extra or much less the identical gadget necessities for a decade. Microsoft surely used the capacity to run on older hardware as a promoting factor for Windows 10, making it accessible as a free improve to all computer systems jogging Windows 7 and Windows 8—if you get as many humans as viable the usage of the latest model of Windows, the reasoning went, it would be less complicated to get builders to take gain of the brand new features.
Microsoft’s purpose for Windows 11’s strict professional aid requirements—including Secure Boot, a TPM two module, and virtualization support—has continually been based on safety as a substitute than uncooked performance. A new publish from Microsoft nowadays breaks down these necessities in extra element and additionally makes an argument about gadget steadiness the use of crash records from older PCs in the Windows Insider program.
Drivers and stability
Microsoft says that Insider Program PCs that did not meet Windows 11’s minimal necessities “had 52% extra kernel mode crashes” than PCs that did and that “devices that do meet the device necessities had a 99.8% crash-free experience.” According to Microsoft, this usually comes down to energetic driver support. Newer computer systems by and large use more recent DCH drivers, a way of packaging drivers that Microsoft started out aiding in Windows 10. To be DCH-compliant, a driver should set up the use of solely a ordinary .INF file, should separate out OEM-specific driver customizations from the driver itself, and need to distribute any apps that accompany your driver (like a manage panel for an audio driver or GPU) thru the Microsoft Store. DCH drivers are frequent for hardware made in the final 4 or 5 years however uncommon to nonexistent for hardware that shipped in the Windows eight or Windows 7 eras.
Certainly, computer systems from 2012 or 2014 are going to be strolling old-fashioned drivers that purpose crashes—using Windows 7-era drivers on older computer systems strolling Windows 10 can lead to instability or widely wide-spread weirdness. But Microsoft’s numbers make no big difference between these older structures and more moderen computer systems that nearly, however do not quite, pass over the device requirements, like 6th- and 7th-generation Intel Core structures and first-generation Ryzen structures that encompass TPM two modules and nonetheless experience energetic DCH driver guide from Intel, AMD, and (in many cases) the businesses that manufactured the computers. Presumably, putting in Windows eleven manually on these PCs will experience greater or much less as steady as putting in it on an formally supported device, however it is some thing we will want to take a look at for ourselves.
A towering stack of safety acronyms
That’s the place the protection necessities come lower back into play. Microsoft goes to higher lengths to give an explanation for the advantages of the usage of Secure Boot and TPM two modules, however the key may also without a doubt be the less-discussed virtualization requirement and an alphabet soup of acronyms. Windows eleven (and additionally Windows 10!) makes use of virtualization-based security, or VBS, to isolate components of device reminiscence from the relaxation of the system. VBS consists of an optionally available function referred to as “memory integrity.” That’s the greater elementary identify for some thing known as Hypervisor-protected code integrity, or HVCI. HVCI can be enabled on any Windows 10 PC that does not have driver incompatibility issues, however older computer systems will incur a enormous overall performance penalty due to the fact their processors do not guide mode-based execution control, or MBEC.
And that acronym appears to be at the root of Thu thuat Windows 11 CPU assist list. If it helps MBEC, generally, it is in. If it doesn’t, it is out. MBEC help is solely blanketed in fantastically new processors, beginning with the Kaby Lake and Skylake-X architectures on Intel’s side, and the Zen two structure on AMD’s side—this suits highly closely, albeit no longer exactly, with the Windows eleven processor aid lists.