Place your fingers on the floor before removing the probe and you can measure the depth of your watering. The soil around the tomato roots should remain moist, but not neglected and moist. The tomato’s lush leaves and stems require significant amounts of water to withstand the perspiration process, the life process plants use to stay fresh.
Plastic mulch retains soil moisture, increases soil temperature during the first part of the season and helps stabilize soil temperatures all summer. Black plastic filling removes weeds and also protects the fruit of plants without choking against contact with the soil. Organic mulch offers the same fluid retention, weed suppression and fruit protection benefits as plastic and eventually decomposes, increasing the soil supply of organic matter.
A self-water container can further facilitate irrigation. It is also important not to wait too long to plant your tomatoes, because plants take enough time to grow and produce fruit before summer temperatures rise. As the average nighttime temperatures rise above a certain point, the large fruit tomatoes will continue to bloom, but will no longer carry fruit.
Encourage vigorous growth by mixing your vegetable fertilizer into the potting soil before planting. Due to their long growing season and temperature requirements, tomatoes must start indoors for six to eight weeks before being moved permanently to the garden. When buying tomato seedlings, select firm plants with thick, straight stems and bright green leaves. The ideal transplant is less than 15 cm long, the same width as long. Do not choose high, long-lived or large plants that are well established with flowers or fruit that are already visible. Whether you started it with seeds or bought it from a garden center, plant tomato transplants in the spring after all the frost hazards have passed.
Tomatoes can be grown in Southern Florida from August to March. The new crop needs nitrogen that is suitable for growth, but too much can burn tender roots and slow development. It is best to work on ammonium phosphate fertilizers during final soil preparation and before planting. This allows the plant to have sufficient amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus at the start of the season. Extra nitrogen can be added little by little during the growing season to ensure that the plant does not fall short at critical times. Nitrogen is best added during irrigation sessions, so that water transports nitrogen into the root system.
Wire cages retain plants during growth and keep leaves and fruit from the ground, resulting in higher yields, fewer pests and less risk of disease. Cage sizes vary, but cages with a diameter of 20 to 24 inches and a height of 4 to 6 feet are optimal. Just before planting, Tomaten remove the lower leaves of the plant by squeezing them onto the stem. When you do this, there are small bundles called “root nodes” on the tomato trunk. Dig a hole and place the tomato plant in it, deeper than in the original propagator, so that the root nodes are buried.
Some of these tomato cultivation secrets relate to tomato planting tips and soil health, others focus on taking good care of tomato plants during the growing season. However, each of these tomato cultivation secrets aims to help you minimize work and maximize harvest. Tomatoes are a favorite crop for many gardeners, and even novice gardeners can manage to grow their first tomato plant.